The following biography
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger
( /ˈʃwɔrtsənɛɡər/; German: [ˈaɐnɔlt ˈalɔʏs ˈʃvaɐtsənˌʔɛɡɐ]; born July
30, 1947) is an Austrian and American former professional bodybuilder,
actor, businessman, investor, and politician. Schwarzenegger served as
the 38th Governor of California from 2003 until 2011.
Schwarzenegger began to weight
train at the age of 15 years old. He was awarded the title of Mr. Universe at
age 20 and went on to win the Mr. Olympia contest seven times. Schwarzenegger
has remained a prominent presence in the sport of bodybuilding and he has
written several books and numerous articles on the sport. Schwarzenegger gained
worldwide fame as a Hollywood action film icon. He was nicknamed the "Austrian
Oak" and the "Styrian Oak" in his bodybuilding days, "Arnie" during his acting
career and more recently the "Governator" (a portmanteau of "Governor" and
As a Republican, he was first
elected on October 7, 2003, in a special recall election to replace
then-Governor Gray Davis. Schwarzenegger was sworn in on November 17, 2003, to
serve the remainder of Davis's term. Schwarzenegger was then re-elected on
November 7, 2006, in California's 2006 gubernatorial election, to serve a full
term as governor, defeating Democrat Phil Angelides, who was California State
Treasurer at the time. Schwarzenegger was sworn in for his second term on
January 5, 2007.
Schwarzenegger was married to Maria
Shriver for over 25 years and the couple had four children together. In 2011, it
was revealed that Schwarzenegger had engaged in an adulterous affair and
fathered a son with an employee of his, Mildred Baena, 14 years earlier. This
subsequently led to Schwarzenegger and Shriver separating and Shriver filing
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger
July 30, 1947 (age 64)
Maria Shriver (1986–2011)
Katherine (b. 1989)
Christina (b. 1991)
Patrick (b. 1993)
Christopher (b. 1997)
Joseph Baena (b. 1997)
Santa Monica College
University of Wisconsin–Superior
Bodybuilder, actor, businessman,
Austrian Armed Forces
Years of service
Schwarzenegger was born in Thal,
Austria, a small village bordering the Styrian capital Graz, and was christened
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger. His parents were the local police chief, Gustav
Schwarzenegger (1907–72), and Aurelia (née Jadrny; 1922–1998). His father served
in World War II, after he voluntarily applied to join the Nazi Party in 1938.
He served with the German Army as a Hauptfeldwebel of the Feldgendarmerie and
was discharged in 1943 after contracting malaria. They were married on October
20, 1945 – Gustav was 38, and Aurelia was a 23-year-old widow with a son,
Meinhard. According to Schwarzenegger, both of his parents were very strict:
"Back then in Austria it was a very different world, if we did something bad or
we disobeyed our parents, the rod was not spared." He grew up in a Roman
Catholic family who attended Mass every Sunday.
Gustav had a preference for his
stepson Meinhard, over his son, Arnold. His favoritism was "strong and
blatant," which stemmed from unfounded suspicion that Arnold was not his
child. Schwarzenegger has said his father had "no patience for listening or
understanding your problems." Schwarzenegger had a good relationship with his
mother and kept in touch with her until her death. In later life,
Schwarzenegger commissioned the Simon Wiesenthal Center to research his father's
wartime record, which came up with no evidence of atrocities despite Gustav's
membership in the Nazi Party and SA. Schwarzenegger's father's background
received wide press attention during the 2003 California recall campaign. At
school, Schwarzenegger was apparently in the middle but stood out for his
"cheerful, good-humored and exuberant" character. Money was a problem in
their household; Schwarzenegger recalled that one of the highlights of his youth
was when the family bought a refrigerator.
As a boy, Schwarzenegger played
several sports, heavily influenced by his father. He picked up his first
barbell in 1960, when his football (soccer) coach took his team to a local
gym. At the age of 14, he chose bodybuilding over football as a
career. Schwarzenegger has responded to a question asking if he was 13
when he started weightlifting: "I actually started weight training when I was
15, but I'd been participating in sports, like soccer, for years, so I felt that
although I was slim, I was well-developed, at least enough so that I could start
going to the gym and start Olympic lifting." However, his official website
biography claims: "At 14, he started an intensive training program with Dan
Farmer, studied psychology at 15 (to learn more about the power of mind over
body) and at 17, officially started his competitive career." During a speech
in 2001, he said, "My own plan formed when I was 14 years old. My father had
wanted me to be a police officer like he was. My mother wanted me to go to trade
school." Schwarzenegger took to visiting a gym in Graz, where he also
frequented the local movie theaters to see bodybuilding idols such as Reg Park,
Steve Reeves and Johnny Weissmuller on the big screen. "I was inspired by
individuals like Reg Park and Steve Reeves." When Reeves died in 2000,
Schwarzenegger fondly remembered him: "As a teenager, I grew up with Steve
Reeves. His remarkable accomplishments allowed me a sense of what was possible,
when others around me didn't always understand my dreams ... Steve Reeves has
been part of everything I've ever been fortunate enough to achieve." In 1961,
Schwarzenegger met former Mr. Austria Kurt Marnul, who invited him to train at
the gym in Graz. He was so dedicated as a youngster that he broke into the
local gym on weekends, when it was usually closed, so that he could train. "It
would make me sick to miss a workout ... I knew I couldn't look at myself in the
mirror the next morning if I didn't do it." When Schwarzenegger was asked
about his first movie experience as a boy, he replied, "I was very young, but I
remember my father taking me to the Austrian theaters and seeing some newsreels.
The first real movie I saw, that I distinctly remember, was a John Wayne
In 1971, his brother Meinhard died
in a car accident. Meinhard had been drinking and was killed instantly.
Schwarzenegger did not attend his funeral. Meinhard was due to marry Erika
Knapp, and the couple had a three-year-old son, Patrick. Schwarzenegger would
pay for Patrick's education and help him to immigrate to the United States.
Gustav died the following year from a stroke. In Pumping Iron, Schwarzenegger
claimed that he did not attend his father's funeral because he was training for
a bodybuilding contest. Later, he and the film's producer said this story was
taken from another bodybuilder for the purpose of showing the extremes that some
would go to for their sport and to make Schwarzenegger's image more cold and
machine-like in order to fan controversy for the film. Barbara Baker, his
first serious girlfriend, has said he informed her of his father's death without
emotion and that he never spoke of his brother. Over time, he has given at
least three versions of why he was absent from his father's funeral.
In an interview with Fortune in
2004, Schwarzenegger told how he suffered what "would now be called child abuse"
at the hands of his father:
My hair was pulled. I was hit with
belts. So was the kid next door. It was just the way it was. Many of the
children I've seen were broken by their parents, which was the German-Austrian
mentality. They didn't want to create an individual. It was all about
conforming. I was one who did not conform, and whose will could not be broken.
Therefore, I became a rebel. Every time I got hit, and every time someone said,
'you can't do this,' I said, 'this is not going to be for much longer, because
I'm going to move out of here. I want to be rich. I want to be somebody.'
Schwarzenegger served in the
Austrian Army in 1965 to fulfill the one year of service required at the time of
all 18-year-old Austrian males. During his army service, he won the
Junior Mr. Europe contest. He went AWOL during basic training so he could
take part in the competition and spent a week in military prison: "Participating
in the competition meant so much to me that I didn't carefully think through the
consequences." He won another bodybuilding contest in Graz, at Steirer Hof Hotel
(where he had placed second). He was voted best built man of Europe, which made
"The Mr. Universe title was my
ticket to America – the land of opportunity, where I could become a star and get
rich." Schwarzenegger made his first plane trip in 1966, attending the NABBA
Mr. Universe competition in London. He would come in second in the Mr.
Universe competition, not having the muscle definition of American winner
Charles "Wag" Bennett, one of the
judges at the 1966 competition, was impressed with Schwarzenegger and he offered
to coach him. As Schwarzenegger had little money, Bennett invited him to stay in
his crowded family home above one of his two gyms in Forest Gate, London,
England. Yorton's leg definition had been judged superior, and Schwarzenegger,
under a training program devised by Bennett, concentrated on improving the
muscle definition and power in his legs. Staying in the East End of London
helped Schwarzenegger improve his rudimentary grasp of the English
language. Also in 1966, Schwarzenegger had the opportunity to meet
childhood idol Reg Park, who became his friend and mentor. The training paid
off and, in 1967, Schwarzenegger won the title for the first time, becoming the
youngest ever Mr. Universe at the age of 20. He would go on to win the title
a further three times. Schwarzenegger then flew back to Munich, training for
four to six hours daily, attending business school and working in a health club
(Rolf Putzinger's gym where he worked and trained from 1966–1968), returning in
1968 to London to win his next Mr. Universe title. He frequently told Roger
C. Field, a friend in Munich at that time, "I'm going to become the greatest
Schwarzenegger, who dreamed of
moving to the U.S. since the age of 10, and saw bodybuilding as the avenue
through which to do so, realized his dream by moving to the United States in
September 1968 at the age of 21, speaking little English. "Naturally,
when I came to this country, my accent was very bad, and my accent was also very
strong, which was an obstacle as I began to pursue acting." There he trained
at Gold's Gym in Venice, Los Angeles, California, under Joe Weider. From 1970 to
1974, one of Schwarzenegger's weight training partners was Ric Drasin, a
professional wrestler who designed the original Gold's Gym logo in 1973.
Schwarzenegger also became good friends with professional wrestler "Superstar"
Billy Graham. In 1970, at age 23, he captured his first Mr. Olympia title in New
York, and would go on to win the title a total of seven times.
Immigration law firm Siskind &
Susser have stated that Schwarzenegger may have been an illegal immigrant at
some point in the late 1960s or early 1970s because of violations in the terms
of his visa. LA Weekly would later say in 2002 that Schwarzenegger is the
most famous immigrant in America, who "overcame a thick Austrian accent and
transcended the unlikely background of bodybuilding to become the biggest movie
star in the world in the 1990s".
In 1977, Schwarzenegger's
autobiography/weight-training guide Arnold: The Education of a Bodybuilder was
published and became a huge success. After taking English classes at Santa
Monica College in California, he earned a BA by correspondence from the
University of Wisconsin–Superior, where he graduated Business and International
Economics, in 1979.
Schwarzenegger is considered among
the most important figures in the history of bodybuilding, and his legacy is
commemorated in the Arnold Classic annual bodybuilding competition.
Schwarzenegger has remained a prominent face in the bodybuilding sport long
after his retirement, in part because of his ownership of gyms and fitness
magazines. He has presided over numerous contests and awards shows.
For many years, he wrote a monthly
column for the bodybuilding magazines Muscle & Fitness and Flex. Shortly after
being elected Governor, he was appointed executive editor of both magazines, in
a largely symbolic capacity. The magazines agreed to donate $250,000 a year to
the Governor's various physical fitness initiatives. The magazine MuscleMag
International has a monthly two-page article on him, and refers to him as "The
One of the first competitions he
won was the Junior Mr. Europe contest in 1965. He won Mr. Europe the
following year, at age 19. He would go on to compete in, and win, many
bodybuilding contests. His bodybulding victories included five Mr. Universe (4 –
NABBA [England], 1 – IFBB [USA]) wins, and seven Mr. Olympia wins, a record
which would stand until Lee Haney won his eighth consecutive Mr. Olympia title
Schwarzenegger continues to work
out even today. When asked about his personal training during the 2011 Arnold
Classic he said that he was still working out a half an hour with weights every
Competition Weight: 240 lb (110
kg) (top 250 lb [113 kg])
Off Season Weight: 260 lb (120 kg)
During Arnold's early years in
bodybuilding, he also competed in several Olympic weightlifting & Powerlifting
contests. Arnold won 2 weightlifting contests in 1964 & 1965, as well as 2
powerlifting contests in 1966 & 1968.
In 1967, Schwarzenegger competed in
and won the Munich stone-lifting contest, in which a stone weighing 508 German
pounds (254 kg/560 lbs.) is lifted between the legs while standing on two foot
Clean & press – 264 lb (120
Snatch – 243 lb (110 kg)
Clean & jerk – 298 lb (135 kg)
Squat – 215 kg (470 lb)
Bench press – 200 kg (440 lb)
Deadlift – 310 kg (680 lb)
Schwarzenegger's goal was to become
the greatest bodybuilder in the world, which meant becoming Mr. Olympia.
His first attempt was in 1969, when he lost to three-time champion Sergio Oliva.
However, Schwarzenegger came back in 1970 and won the competition, making him
the youngest ever Mr. Olympia at the age of 23, a record he still holds to this
He continued his winning streak in
the 1971–74 competitions. In 1975, Schwarzenegger was once again in top
form, and won the title for the sixth consecutive time, beating Franco
Columbu. After the 1975 Mr. Olympia contest, Schwarzenegger announced his
retirement from professional bodybuilding.
Months before the 1975 Mr. Olympia
contest, filmmakers George Butler and Robert Fiore persuaded Schwarzenegger to
compete, in order to film his training in the bodybuilding documentary called
Pumping Iron. Schwarzenegger had only three months to prepare for the
competition, after losing significant weight to appear in the film Stay Hungry
with Jeff Bridges. Lou Ferrigno proved not to be a threat, and a
lighter-than-usual Schwarzenegger convincingly won the 1975 Mr. Olympia.
Schwarzenegger came out of
retirement, however, to compete in the 1980 Mr. Olympia. Schwarzenegger was
training for his role in Conan, and he got into such good shape because of the
running, horseback riding and sword training, that he decided he wanted to win
the Mr. Olympia contest one last time. He kept this plan a secret, in the event
that a training accident would prevent his entry and cause him to lose face.
Schwarzenegger had been hired to provide color commentary for network
television, when he announced at the eleventh hour that while he was there: "Why
not compete?" Schwarzenegger ended up winning the event with only seven weeks of
preparation. After being declared Mr. Olympia for a seventh time, Schwarzenegger
then officially retired from competition.
Schwarzenegger has admitted to
using performance-enhancing anabolic steroids while they were legal, writing in
1977 that "steroids were helpful to me in maintaining muscle size while on a
strict diet in preparation for a contest. I did not use them for muscle growth,
but rather for muscle maintenance when cutting up." He has called the drugs
In 1999, Schwarzenegger sued Dr.
Willi Heepe, a German doctor who publicly predicted his early death on the basis
of a link between his steroid use and his later heart problems. As the doctor
had never examined him personally, Schwarzenegger collected a US$10,000 libel
judgment against him in a German court. In 1999, Schwarzenegger also sued
and settled with The Globe, a U.S. tabloid which had made similar predictions
about the bodybuilder's future health.
His official height of 6'2" (1.88
m) has been brought into question by several articles. In his bodybuilding days
in the late 1960s, he was measured to be 6'1.5" (1.87 m), a height confirmed by
his fellow bodybuilders. However, in 1988 both the Daily Mail and Time
Out magazine mentioned that Schwarzenegger appeared noticeably shorter. More
recently, before running for Governor, Schwarzenegger's height was once again
questioned in an article by the Chicago Reader. As Governor, Schwarzenegger
engaged in a light-hearted exchange with Assemblyman Herb Wesson over their
heights. At one point Wesson made an unsuccessful attempt to, in his own words,
"[s]ettle this once and for all and find out how tall he is" by using a
tailor's tape measure on the Governor. Schwarzenegger retaliated by placing a
pillow stitched with the words "Need a lift?" on the five-foot-five inch (165
cm) Wesson's chair before a negotiating session in his office. Bob
Mulholland also claimed Arnold was 5'10" (1.78 m) and that he wore risers in his
boots. The debate on Schwarzenegger's height has spawned a website solely
dedicated to the issue, and his page remains one of the most active on
CelebHeights.com, a website which discusses the heights of celebrities.
Schwarzenegger wanted to move from
bodybuilding into acting, finally achieving it when he was chosen to play the
role of Hercules in 1970's Hercules in New York. Credited under the name "Arnold
Strong," his accent in the film was so thick that his lines were dubbed after
production. His second film appearance was as a deaf mute hit-man for the
mob in director Robert Altman's The Long Goodbye (1973), which was followed by a
much more significant part in the film Stay Hungry (1976), for which he was
awarded a Golden Globe for New Male Star of the Year. Schwarzenegger has
discussed his early struggles in developing his acting career. "It was very
difficult for me in the beginning – I was told by agents and casting people that
my body was 'too weird', that I had a funny accent, and that my name was too
long. You name it, and they told me I had to change it. Basically, everywhere I
turned, I was told that I had no chance."
Schwarzenegger drew attention and
boosted his profile in the bodybuilding film Pumping Iron (1977),
elements of which were dramatized. In 1991, Schwarzenegger purchased the rights
to the film, its outtakes, and associated still photography. Schwarzenegger
auditioned for the title role of The Incredible Hulk, but did not win the role
because of his height. Later, Lou Ferrigno got the part of Dr. David Banner's
alter ego. Schwarzenegger appeared with Kirk Douglas and Ann-Margret in the 1979
comedy The Villain. In 1980 he starred in a biographical film of the 1950s
actress Jayne Mansfield as Mansfield's husband, Mickey Hargitay.
Schwarzenegger's breakthrough film
was the sword-and-sorcery epic Conan the Barbarian in 1982, which was a
box-office hit. This was followed by a sequel, Conan the Destroyer in 1984,
although it was not as successful as its predecessor. In 1983,
Schwarzenegger starred in the promotional video "Carnival in Rio".
In 1984, he made the first of three
appearances as the eponymous character and what some would say was the signature
role in his acting career in director James Cameron's science fiction thriller
film The Terminator. Following The Terminator, Schwarzenegger made
Red Sonja in 1985.
During the 1980s, audiences had an
appetite for action films, with both Schwarzenegger and Sylvester Stallone
becoming international stars. Schwarzenegger's roles reflected his sense of
humor, separating his roles from more serious action hero fare. His
alternative-universe comedy/thriller Last Action Hero featured a poster of the
movie Terminator 2: Judgment Day which, in the fictional alternate universe, had
Sylvester Stallone as its star.
He made a number of successful
films: Commando (1985), Raw Deal (1986), The Running Man (1987), and Red Heat
(1988). In Predator (1987), another successful film, Schwarzenegger led a cast
which included future Minnesota Governor Jesse Ventura (Ventura also appeared in
The Running Man and Batman & Robin with Schwarzenegger) and future candidate for
governor of Kentucky Sonny Landham.
Twins (1988), a comedy with Danny
DeVito also proved successful. Total Recall (1990) netted Schwarzenegger $10
million and 15% of the gross, and was a science fiction script directed by Paul
Verhoeven, based on the Philip K. Dick short story, "We Can Remember It for You
Wholesale". Kindergarten Cop (1990) reunited him with director Ivan Reitman, who
directed him in Twins.
Schwarzenegger had a brief foray
into directing, first with a 1990 episode of the TV series Tales from the Crypt,
entitled "The Switch", and then with the 1992 telemovie Christmas in
Connecticut. He has not directed since.
Schwarzenegger's commercial peak
was his return as the title character in 1991's Terminator 2: Judgment Day,
which was the highest-grossing film of 1991. In 1993, the
National Association of Theatre Owners named him the "International Star of the
Decade." His next film project, the 1993 self-aware action comedy spoof Last
Action Hero was released opposite Jurassic Park, and did not do well at the box
office. His next film, the comedy drama True Lies (1994) was a popular spy film,
and saw Schwarzenegger, reunited with James Cameron, appearing opposite Jamie
That same year the comedy Junior
(1994) was released, the last of his three collaborations with Ivan Reitman and
again co-starring Danny DeVito and also for the second time featuring Pamela
Reed. This film brought Schwarzenegger his second Golden Globe nomination, this
time for Best Actor – Musical or Comedy. It was followed by the action thriller
Eraser (1996), the Christmas comedy Jingle All The Way (1996) with Arnold
playing the main character, Howard Langston, and the comic book-based Batman &
Robin (1997), where he played the villain Mr. Freeze. This was his final film
before taking time to recuperate from a back injury. Following the critical
failure of Batman & Robin, Schwarzenegger's film career and box office
prominence went into decline.
He returned with the supernatural
thriller End of Days (1999), later followed by the action films The 6th Day
(2000) and Collateral Damage (2002) all of which failed to do well at the box
office. In 2003, he made his third appearance as the title character in
Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, which went on to earn over $150 million
In tribute to Schwarzenegger in
2002, Forum Stadtpark, a local cultural association, proposed plans to build a
25-meter (82 ft) tall Terminator statue in a park in central Graz.
Schwarzenegger reportedly said he was flattered, but thought the money would be
better spent on social projects and the Special Olympics.
His film appearances after becoming
Governor of California include a 3-second cameo appearance in The Rundown
(a.k.a., Welcome to the Jungle) with The Rock, and the 2004 remake of Around the
World in 80 Days, where he appeared onscreen with action star Jackie Chan for
the first time. In 2005 he appeared as himself in the film The Kid & I.
Schwarzenegger voiced Baron von Steuben in Episode 24 ("Valley Forge") of
Schwarzenegger had been rumored to
be appearing in Terminator Salvation as the original T-800 model, alongside
Roland Kickinger. Schwarzenegger denied his involvement, but it was later
revealed that although he would appear briefly he would not be shooting new
footage, and his image would be inserted into the movie from stock footage of
the first Terminator movie. Schwarzenegger's most recent appearance was
in Sylvester Stallone's The Expendables, where he made a cameo appearance
alongside Stallone and Bruce Willis.
In January 2011, just weeks after
leaving office in California, Schwarzenegger announced that he was reading
several new scripts for future films, one of them being the World War II action
drama With Wings as Eagles, written by Randall Wallace, based on a true
On March 6, 2011, at the Arnold
Seminar of the Arnold Classic, Schwarzenegger revealed that he was being courted
for several films, including sequels to The Terminator and remakes of Predator
and The Running Man, and that he was "packaging" a comic book character. The
character was later revealed to be the Governator, star of the comic book and
animated series of the same name. Schwarzenegger inspired the character and
co-developed it with Stan Lee, who would have produced the series.
Schwarzenegger would have voiced the Governator.
On May 20, 2011, Schwarzenegger's
entertainment counsel announced that all movie projects currently in development
were being halted. "Governor Schwarzenegger is focusing on personal matters and
is not willing to commit to any production schedules or timelines." However,
the Daily Star reported on May 29 that Schwarzenegger had been offered $40
million to star in two Terminator films.
On July 11, 2011, it was announced
that Schwarzenegger is considering a comeback film despite his legal
problems. He has reportedly signed to star in Last Stand as a dishonored Los
Angeles cop. On September 6, 2011, it was announced that Schwarzenegger had
signed on to The Expendables 2, in which he will play a larger cameo. He
will later star in Black Sunday, thought to be released in 2013.
Schwarzenegger has been a
registered Republican for many years. As an actor, his political views were
always well known as they contrasted with those of many other prominent
Hollywood stars, who are generally considered to be a liberal and
Democratic-leaning community. At the 2004 Republican National Convention,
Schwarzenegger gave a speech and explained why he was a Republican:
I finally arrived here in 1968.
What a special day it was. I remember I arrived here with empty pockets but full
of dreams, full of determination, full of desire. The presidential campaign was
in full swing. I remember watching the Nixon-Humphrey presidential race on TV. A
friend of mine who spoke German and English translated for me. I heard Humphrey
saying things that sounded like socialism, which I had just left. But then I
heard Nixon speak. He was talking about free enterprise, getting the government
off your back, lowering the taxes and strengthening the military. Listening to
Nixon speak sounded more like a breath of fresh air. I said to my friend, I
said, "What party is he?" My friend said, "He's a Republican." I said, "Then I
am a Republican." And I have been a Republican ever since.
In 1985, Schwarzenegger appeared in
Stop the Madness, an anti-drug music video sponsored by the Reagan
administration. He first came to wide public notice as a Republican during the
1988 Presidential election, accompanying then-Vice President George H.W. Bush at
a campaign rally.
Schwarzenegger's first political
appointment was as chairman of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and
Sports, on which he served from 1990 to 1993. He was nominated by George H.
W. Bush, who dubbed him "Conan the Republican". He later served as Chairman for
the California Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports under Governor
Pete Wilson. Yet, political analysts have identified Schwarzenegger as a
liberal, as he has become more left-leaning since his election.
Between 1993 and 1994,
Schwarzenegger was a Red Cross ambassador (a ceremonial role fulfilled by
celebrities), recording several television/radio public service announcements to
In an interview with Talk magazine
in late 1999, Schwarzenegger was asked if he thought of running for office. He
replied, "I think about it many times. The possibility is there, because I feel
it inside." The Hollywood Reporter claimed shortly after that Schwarzenegger
sought to end speculation that he might run for governor of California.
Following his initial comments, Schwarzenegger said, "I'm in show business – I
am in the middle of my career. Why would I go away from that and jump into
Governor of California
Schwarzenegger announced his
candidacy in the 2003 California recall election for Governor of California on
the August 6, 2003 episode of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. According to
Schwarzenegger, he did not decide to run until the day of the announcement:
The recall happens and people are
asking me, ‘What are you going to do?’ I thought about it but decided I wasn’t
going to do it. I told Maria I wasn’t running. I told everyone I wasn’t running.
I wasn’t running. I just thought [en route to the Tonight Show], This will freak
everyone out. It’ll be so funny. I’ll announce that I am running. I told Leno I
was running. And two months later I was governor. What the f*ck is that? All
these people are asking me, ‘What’s your plan? Who’s on your staff?’ I didn’t
have a plan. I didn’t have a staff. I wasn’t running until I went on Jay
Schwarzenegger had the most name
recognition in a crowded field of candidates, but he had never held public
office and his political views were unknown to most Californians. His candidacy
immediately became national and international news, with media outlets dubbing
him the "Governator" (referring to The Terminator movies, see above) and "The
Running Man" (the name of another one of his films), and calling the recall
election "Total Recall" (yet another Schwarzenegger starrer). Schwarzenegger
declined to participate in several debates with other recall replacement
candidates, and appeared in only one debate on September 24, 2003.
On October 7, 2003, the recall
election resulted in Governor Gray Davis being removed from office with 55.4% of
the Yes vote in favor of a recall. Schwarzenegger was elected Governor of
California under the second question on the ballot with 48.6% of the vote to
choose a successor to Davis. Schwarzenegger defeated Democrat Cruz Bustamante,
fellow Republican Tom McClintock, and others. His nearest rival, Bustamante,
received 31% of the vote. In total, Schwarzenegger won the election by about 1.3
million votes. Under the regulations of the California Constitution, no runoff
election was required. Schwarzenegger was the first foreign-born governor of
California since Irish-born Governor John G. Downey in 1862.
As soon as Schwarzenegger was
elected governor, Willie Brown said he would start a drive to recall the
governor. Schwarzenegger was equally entrenched in what he considered to be his
mandate in cleaning up gridlock. Building on a catchphrase from the sketch "Hans
and Franz" from Saturday Night Live (which partly parodied his bodybuilding
career), Schwarzenegger called the Democratic State politicians "girlie
Schwarzenegger's early victories
included repealing an unpopular increase in the vehicle registration fee as well
as preventing driver's licenses being given out to illegal immigrants, but later
he began to feel the backlash when powerful state unions began to oppose his
various initiatives. Key among his reckoning with political realities was a
special election he called in November 2005, in which four ballot measures he
sponsored were defeated. Schwarzenegger accepted personal responsibility for the
defeats and vowed to continue to seek consensus for the people of California. He
would later comment that "no one could win if the opposition raised 160 million
dollars to defeat you".
Schwarzenegger then went against
the advice of fellow Republican strategists and appointed a Democrat, Susan
Kennedy, as his Chief of Staff. Schwarzenegger gradually moved towards a more
politically moderate position, determined to build a winning legacy with only a
short time to go until the next gubernatorial election.
Schwarzenegger ran for re-election
against Democrat Phil Angelides, the California State Treasurer, in the 2006
elections, held on November 7, 2006. Despite a poor year nationally for the
Republican party, Schwarzenegger won re-election with 56.0% of the vote compared
with 38.9% for Angelides, a margin of well over one million votes. In recent
years, many commentators have seen Schwarzenegger as moving away from the right
and towards the center of the political spectrum. After hearing a speech by
Schwarzenegger at the 2006 Martin Luther King, Jr. breakfast, San Francisco
mayor Gavin Newsom said that, "[H]e's becoming a Democrat [... H]e's running
back, not even to the center. I would say center-left".
It was rumored that Schwarzenegger
might run for the United States Senate in 2010, as his governorship would be
term-limited by that time. This turned out to be false.
Wendy Leigh, who wrote an
unofficial biography on Schwarzenegger, claims he plotted his political rise
from an early age using the movie business and bodybuilding as building blocks
to escape a depressing home. Leigh portrays Schwarzenegger as obsessed with
power and quotes him as saying, "I wanted to be part of the small percentage of
people who were leaders, not the large mass of followers. I think it is because
I saw leaders use 100% of their potential –I was always fascinated by people in
control of other people." Schwarzenegger has said that it was never his
intention to enter politics, but he says, "I married into a political family.
You get together with them and you hear about policy, about reaching out to help
people. I was exposed to the idea of being a public servant and Eunice and
Sargent Shriver became my heroes." Eunice Kennedy Shriver was sister of John
F. Kennedy, and mother-in-law to Schwarzenegger; Sargent Shriver is husband to
Eunice and father-in-law to Schwarzenegger. He cannot run for president as he is
not a natural born citizen of the United States. In The Simpsons Movie (2007),
he is portrayed as the President, and in the Sylvester Stallone movie,
Demolition Man (1993, ten years before his first run for political office), it
is revealed that a constitutional amendment passed which allowed Schwarzenegger
to run for President.
Schwarzenegger is a dual
Austria/United States citizen. He holds Austrian citizenship by birth and
has held U.S. citizenship since becoming naturalized in 1983. Being Austrian and
thus European, he was able to win the 2007 European Voice campaigner of the year
award for taking action against climate change with the California Global
Warming Solutions Act of 2006 and plans to introduce an emissions trading scheme
with other US states and possibly with the EU.
Because of his personal wealth from
his acting career, Schwarzenegger did not accept his governor's salary of
$175,000 per year.
Schwarzenegger's endorsement in the
Republican primary of the 2008 U.S. Presidential election was highly sought;
despite being good friends with candidates Rudy Giuliani and Senator John
McCain, Schwarzenegger remained neutral throughout 2007 and early 2008. Giuliani
dropped out of the Presidential race on January 30, 2008, largely because of a
poor showing in Florida, and endorsed McCain. Later that night, Schwarzenegger
was in the audience at a Republican debate at the Ronald Reagan Presidential
Library in California. The following day, he endorsed McCain, joking, "It's
Rudy's fault!" (in reference to his friendships with both candidates and that he
could not make up his mind). Schwarzenegger's endorsement was thought to be a
boost for Senator McCain's campaign; both spoke about their concerns for the
environment and economy.
In its April 2010 report,
Progressive ethics watchdog group Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in
Washington named Schwarzenegger one of 11 "worst governors" in the United States
because of various ethics issues throughout Schwarzenegger's term as
Governor Schwarzenegger played a
significant role in opposing Proposition 66, a proposed amendment of the
Californian Three Strikes Law, in November 2004. This amendment would have
required the third felony to be either violent or serious to mandate a
25-years-to-life sentence. In the last week before the ballot, Schwarzenegger
launched an intensive campaign against Proposition 66. He stated that
"it would release 26,000 dangerous criminals and rapists".
Allegations of sexual and personal misconduct
During his initial campaign for
governor, allegations of sexual and personal misconduct were raised against
Schwarzenegger, dubbed "Gropegate". Within the last five days before the
election, news reports appeared in the Los Angeles Times recounting allegations
of sexual misconduct from several individual women, six of whom eventually came
forward with their personal stories.
Three of the women claimed he had
grabbed their breasts, a fourth said he placed his hand under her skirt on her
buttock. A fifth woman claimed Schwarzenegger tried to take off her bathing suit
in a hotel elevator, and the last said he pulled her onto his lap and asked her
about a sex act.
Schwarzenegger admitted that he has
"behaved badly sometimes" and apologized, but also stated that "a lot of [what]
you see in the stories is not true". This came after an interview in adult
magazine Oui from 1977 surfaced, in which Schwarzenegger discussed attending
sexual orgies and using substances such as marijuana. Schwarzenegger is
shown smoking a marijuana joint after winning Mr. Olympia in the 1975
documentary film Pumping Iron. In an interview with GQ magazine in October 2007,
Schwarzenegger said, "[Marijuana] is not a drug. It's a leaf. My drug was
pumping iron, trust me." His spokesperson later said the comment was meant
to be a joke.
British television personality Anna
Richardson settled a libel lawsuit in August 2006 against Schwarzenegger, his
top aide, Sean Walsh, and his publicist, Sheryl Main. A joint statement
read: "The parties are content to put this matter behind them and are pleased
that this legal dispute has now been settled." Richardson claimed they tried
to tarnish her reputation by dismissing her allegations that Schwarzenegger
touched her breast during a press event for The 6th Day in London. She
claimed Walsh and Main libeled her in a Los Angeles Times article when they
contended she encouraged his behavior.
In 2005, Peter Pilz, from the
Austrian Green Party, demanded that parliament revoke Schwarzenegger's Austrian
citizenship. This demand was based on Article 33 of the Austrian Citizenship Act
that states: A citizen, who is in the public service of a foreign country, shall
be deprived of his citizenship, if he heavily damages the reputation or the
interests of the Austrian Republic. Pilz claimed that Schwarzenegger's
actions in support of the death penalty (prohibited in Austria under Protocol 13
of the European Convention on Human Rights) had indeed done damage to Austria's
reputation. Schwarzenegger explained his actions by referring to the fact that
his only duty as Governor of California was to prevent an error in the judicial
On September 27, 2006
Schwarzenegger signed a bill creating the nation's first cap on greenhouse gas
emissions. The law set new regulations on the amount of emissions utilities,
refineries and manufacturing plants are allowed to release into the atmosphere.
Schwarzenegger also signed a second global warming bill that prohibits large
utilities and corporations in California from making long-term contracts with
suppliers who do not meet the state's greenhouse gas emission standards. The two
bills are part of a plan to reduce California's emissions by 25 percent to 1990s
levels by 2020. In 2005, Schwarzenegger issued an executive order calling to
reduce greenhouse gases to 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050.
Schwarzenegger signed another
executive order on October 17, 2006 allowing California to work with the
Northeast's Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative. They plan to reduce carbon
dioxide emissions by issuing a limited amount of carbon credits to each power
plant in participating states. Any power plants that exceed emissions for the
amount of carbon credits will have to purchase more credits to cover the
difference. The plan is set to be in effect in 2009. In addition to using
his political power to fight global warming, the governor has taken steps at his
home to reduce his personal carbon footprint. Schwarzenegger has adapted one of
his Hummers to run on hydrogen and another to run on biofuels. He has also
installed solar panels to heat his home.
In respect of his contribution to
the direction of the US motor industry, Schwarzenegger was invited to open the
2009 SAE World Congress in Detroit, on April 20, 2009.
Schwarzenegger has also had a
highly successful business career. Following his move to the United
States, Schwarzenegger became a "prolific goal setter" and would write his
objectives at the start of the year on index cards, like starting a mail order
business or buying a new car – and succeed in doing so. By the age of 30,
Schwarzenegger was a millionaire, well before his career in Hollywood. His
financial independence came from his success as a budding entrepreneur with a
series of successful business ventures and investments.
In 1968, Schwarzenegger and fellow
bodybuilder Franco Columbu started a bricklaying business. The business
flourished thanks to the pair's marketing savvy and an increased demand
following the 1971 San Fernando earthquake. Schwarzenegger and
Columbu used profits from their bricklaying venture to start a mail order
business, selling bodybuilding and fitness-related equipment and instructional
Schwarzenegger rolled profits from
the mail order business and his bodybuilding competition winnings into his first
real estate investment venture: an apartment building he purchased for $10,000.
He would later go on to invest in a number of real estate holding
In 1992, Schwarzenegger and his
wife opened a restaurant in Santa Monica called Schatzi On Main. Schatzi
literally means "little treasure," colloquial for "honey" or "darling" in
German. In 1998, he sold his restaurant.
Schwarzenegger was a founding
celebrity investor in the Planet Hollywood chain of international theme
restaurants (modeled after the Hard Rock Cafe) along with Bruce Willis,
Sylvester Stallone and Demi Moore. Schwarzenegger severed his financial ties
with the business in early 2000. Schwarzenegger said the company had not
had the success he had hoped for, claiming he wanted to focus his attention on
"new US global business ventures" and his movie career.
ventures and investments
He also invested in a shopping mall
in Columbus, Ohio. He has talked about some of those who have helped him over
the years in business: "I couldn't have learned about business without a parade
of teachers guiding me... from Milton Friedman to Donald Trump... and now, Les
Wexner and Warren Buffett. I even learned a thing or two from Planet Hollywood,
such as when to get out! And I did!" He has significant ownership in
Dimensional Fund Advisors, an investment firm.
In 1969, Schwarzenegger met Barbara
Outland (later Barbara Outland Baker), an English teacher he lived with until
1974. Schwarzenegger talked about Barbara in his memoir in 1977: "Basically
it came down to this: she was a well-balanced woman who wanted an ordinary,
solid life, and I was not a well-balanced man, and hated the very idea of
ordinary life." Baker has described Schwarzenegger as "[a] joyful
personality, totally charismatic, adventurous, and athletic" but claims towards
the end of the relationship he became "insufferable – classically conceited –
the world revolved around him". Baker published her memoir in 2006,
entitled Arnold and Me: In the Shadow of the Austrian Oak. Although Baker,
at times, painted an unflattering portrait of her former lover, Schwarzenegger
actually contributed to the tell-all book with a foreword, and also met with
Baker for three hours. Baker claims, for example, that she only learned of
his being unfaithful after they split, and talks of a turbulent and passionate
love life. Schwarzenegger has made it clear that their respective
recollection of events can differ. The couple first met six to eight months
after his arrival in the U.S—their first date was watching the first Apollo Moon
landing on television. They shared an apartment in Santa Monica for three
and a half years, and having little money, would visit the beach all day, or
have barbecues in the back yard. Although Baker claims that when she first
met him, he had "little understanding of polite society" and she found him a
turn-off, she says, "He's as much a self-made man as it's possible to be—he
never got encouragement from his parents, his family, his brother. He just had
this huge determination to prove himself, and that was very attractive ... I'll
go to my grave knowing Arnold loved me."
Schwarzenegger met his next
paramour, Sue Moray, a Beverly Hills hairdresser's assistant, on Venice Beach in
July 1977. According to Moray, the couple led an open relationship: "We were
faithful when we were both in LA ... but when he was out of town, we were free
to do whatever we wanted." Schwarzenegger met Maria Shriver at the Robert F.
Kennedy Tennis Tournament in August 1977, and went on to have a relationship
with both women until August 1978, when Moray (who knew of his relationship with
Shriver) issued an ultimatum.
Marriage and family
On April 26, 1986, Schwarzenegger
married television journalist Maria Shriver, niece of President John F. Kennedy,
in Hyannis, Massachusetts. The Rev. John Baptist Riordan performed the ceremony
at St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church. They have four children: Katherine
Eunice Shriver Schwarzenegger (born December 13, 1989 in Los Angeles); Christina
Maria Aurelia Schwarzenegger (born July 23, 1991 in Los Angeles); Patrick
Schwarzenegger (born September 18, 1993 in Los Angeles); and Christopher
Sargent Shriver Schwarzenegger (born September 27, 1997 in Los Angeles).
Schwarzenegger lives in a 11,000-square-foot (1,000 m2) home in
Brentwood. The divorcing couple currently own vacation homes in Sun
Valley, Idaho and Hyannis Port, Massachusetts. They attended St. Monica's
Schwarzenegger's 13-year-old son
Christopher Schwarzenegger was seriously injured in a boogie-boarding accident
in Malibu, on July 17, 2011. In a joint statement, Schwarzenegger and estranged
wife Shriver described it as "scary," and that "he is expected to make a full
recovery." Christopher had been in intensive care after suffering a collapsed
lung and broken bones in the accident.
Infidelity and divorce
On May 9, 2011, Shriver and
Schwarzenegger separated after 25 years of marriage, with Shriver moving out of
the couple's Brentwood mansion. On May 16, 2011, the Los Angeles
Times revealed that Schwarzenegger had fathered a son more than fourteen years
earlier with an employee in their household, Mildred Patricia 'Patty'
Baena. "After leaving the governor's office I told my wife about
this event, which occurred over a decade ago," Schwarzenegger said in a
statement issued to The Times. In the statement, Schwarzenegger did not mention
that he had confessed to his wife only after Shriver had confronted him with the
information, which she had done after confirming with the housekeeper what she
had suspected about the child.
Fifty-year-old Baena, of Guatemalan
origin, was employed by the family for 20 years and retired in January. The
pregnant Baena was working in the home while Shriver was pregnant with the
youngest of the couple’s four children. Baena's son with Schwarzenegger,
Joseph, was born on October 2, 1997; Shriver gave birth to Christopher
on September 27, 1997. Schwarzenegger found ways to spend time with this
child: in one instance, in 1998, Shriver and Schwarzenegger's children
unexpectedly accompanied Schwarzenegger to the lovechild's baptism; and he
was photographed teaching the boy how to play golf and swinging him playfully
above his head. Despite Schwarzenegger's interactions with the child, the
boy was never told that Schwarzenegger was his father, and he was unaware of the
fact until it was revealed by the press. Schwarzenegger has taken financial
responsibility for the child "from the start and continued to provide
support." KNX 1070 radio reported that he bought a new, four-bedroom house,
with a pool, in Bakersfield, about 112 miles (180 km) north of Los Angeles, in
2010 for Baena and their son. Baena separated from her husband, Rogelio, in
1997, a few months after Joseph's birth, and divorced him in 2008. Baena's
ex-husband says that the child's birth certificate was falsified and that he
plans to sue Schwarzenegger and his ex-wife for engaging in conspiracy to
falsify a public document, a serious crime in California.
Schwarzenegger has consulted an
attorney, Bob Kaufman. Kaufman has earlier handled divorce cases for celebrities
such as Jennifer Aniston and Reese Witherspoon. Schwarzenegger will
keep the Brentwood home as part of their divorce settlement and Shriver has
purchased a new home nearby so that the children may travel easily between their
parents' homes. They will share custody of the two minor children.
Schwarzenegger came under fire after the initial petition did not include
spousal support and a reimbursement of attorney's fees. However, he claims
this was not intentional and that he signed the initial documents without having
properly read them. Schwarzenegger has filed amended divorce papers
In the aftermath of
Schwarzenegger's infidelity scandal, actress Brigitte Nielsen came forward and
stated that she too had an affair with Schwarzenegger while he was in a
relationship with Shriver, saying, "Maybe I wouldn't have got into it if he
said 'I'm going to marry Maria' and this is dead serious, but he didn't, and our
affair carried on."
Accidents and injuries
Schwarzenegger was born with a
bicuspid aortic valve, an aortic valve with only two leaflets (a normal aortic
valve has three leaflets). Schwarzenegger opted in 1997 for a
replacement heart valve made of his own transplanted tissue; medical experts
predicted he would require heart valve replacement surgery in the following two
to eight years as his valve would progressively degrade. Schwarzenegger
apparently opted against a mechanical valve, the only permanent solution
available at the time of his surgery, because it would have sharply limited his
physical activity and capacity to exercise.
On December 9, 2001, he broke six
ribs and was hospitalized for four days after a motorcycle crash in Los
Schwarzenegger saved a drowning
man's life in 2004 while on vacation in Hawaii by swimming out and bringing him
back to shore.
On January 8, 2006, while
Schwarzenegger was riding his Harley Davidson motorcycle in Los Angeles, with
his son Patrick in the sidecar, another driver backed into the street he was
riding on, causing him and his son to collide with the car at a low speed. While
his son and the other driver were unharmed, the governor sustained a minor
injury to his lip, requiring 15 stitches. "No citations were issued", said
Officer Jason Lee, a Los Angeles Police Department spokesman.
Schwarzenegger did not obtain his motorcycle license until July 3, 2006.
Schwarzenegger tripped over his ski
pole and broke his right femur while skiing in Sun Valley, Idaho, with his
family on December 23, 2006. On December 26, 2006, he underwent a 90-minute
operation in which cables and screws were used to wire the broken bone back
together. He was released from the St. John's Health Center on December 30,
Schwarzenegger's private jet made
an emergency landing at Van Nuys Airport on June 19, 2009, after the pilot
reported smoke coming from the cockpit, according to a statement released by the
governor's press secretary. No one was harmed in the incident.
Schwarzenegger's net worth has been
conservatively estimated at $100–$200 million. But with his recent split
from his wife, Maria Shriver in 2011, it has been estimated that his net worth
has been hovering around the $400 million mark and even as high as $800 million,
based on tax returns he filed in 2006. Over the years as an investor,
he invested his bodybuilding and movie earnings in an array of stocks, bonds,
privately controlled companies, and real estate holdings worldwide, so a more
accurate estimation of his net worth is difficult to calculate, particularly in
light of declining real estate values owing to economic recessions in the United
States and Europe. In June 1997, Schwarzenegger spent $38 million of his own
money on a private Gulfstream Jet. Schwarzenegger once said of his fortune,
"Money doesn't make you happy. I now have $50 million, but I was just as happy
when I had $48 million." He has also stated, "I've made many millions as a
businessman many times over."
He bought the first Hummer
manufactured for civilian use in 1992, a model so large, 6,300 lb (2,900 kg) and
7 feet (2.1 m) wide, that it is classified as a large truck and U.S. fuel
economy regulations do not apply to it. During the Gubernatorial Recall campaign
he announced that he would convert one of his Hummers to burn hydrogen. The
conversion was reported to have cost about US$21,000. After the election, he
signed an executive order to jump-start the building of hydrogen refueling
plants called the California Hydrogen Highway Network, and gained a U.S.
Department of Energy grant to help pay for its projected US$91,000,000
cost. California took delivery of the first H2H (Hydrogen Hummer) in
On February 12, 2010,
Schwarzenegger was the 18th runner on the 106th day of the Vancouver Olympic
Torch relay. His leg was along the Stanley Park Seawall, and he exchanged a
"torch kiss" with the next runner, Sebastian Coe.
Schwarzenegger's home town of Graz
had its soccer stadium named The Arnold Schwarzenegger Stadium in his honor. It
is the home of both Grazer AK and Sturm Graz. After the Stanley Williams
execution and street protests in Schwarzenegger's hometown, several local
politicians began a campaign to remove his name from the stadium. In response,
Schwarzenegger said "to spare the responsible politicians of the city of Graz
further concern, I withdraw from them as of this day the right to use my name in
association with the Liebenau Stadium", and set a deadline of two days to remove
his name. Graz officials removed Schwarzenegger's name from the stadium in
December 2005. It is now officially titled UPC-Arena.
The Sun Valley Resort has a short
ski trail called Arnold's Run, named after Schwarzenegger in 2001. The
trail is categorized as a black diamond, or most difficult, for its terrain.
People in Thal, Austria, celebrated
Schwarzenegger's 60th birthday by throwing a party. Officials proclaimed "A Day
for Arnold" on July 30, 2007. The mayor sent Schwarzenegger the enameled sign,
Thal 145, the number of the house where Schwarzenegger was born, declaring "This
belongs to him. No one here will ever be assigned that number again".
Schwarzenegger, Arnold (1977).
Arnold: Developing a Mr. Universe Physique. Schwarzenegger.
– with Douglas Kent Hall (1977).
Arnold: The Education of a Bodybuilder. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN
– with Douglas Kent Hall (1979).
Arnold's Bodyshaping for Women. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN
– with Bill Dobbins (1981).
Arnold's Bodybuilding for Men. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN
– with Bill Dobbins (1998). The
New Encyclopedia of Modern Bodybuilding (rev. ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster.
Andrews, Nigel (2003). True Myths:
The Life and Times of Arnold Schwarzenegger: From Pumping Iron to Governor of
California (rev. ed.). New York: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-1-58234-465-2.
Blitz, Michael; and Louise
Krasniewicz (2004). Why Arnold Matters: The Rise of a Cultural Icon. New York:
Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-03752-0.
Borowitz, Andy (2004). Governor
Arnold: A Photodiary of His First 100 Days in Office. New York: Simon &
Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-6266-8.
Brandon, Karen (2004). Arnold
Schwarzenegger. San Diego: Lucent Books. ISBN 978-1-59018-539-1.
Saunders, Dave (2008). "Arnie":
Schwarzenegger and the Movies. London: I. B. Tauris.
Sexton, Colleen A. (2005). Arnold
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Zannos, Susan (2000). Arnold
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Interview in Oui magazine, August
1977 at thesmokinggun.com
Excerpts from Time Out (London)
interview, 1977 at time.com
Schwarzenegger Interview on The
Hour with George Stroumboulopoulos
Footage of Arnold Schwarzenegger
winning Mr Universe, 1969
"Arnold Schwarzenegger – Hollywood
Hero" DVD ~ Todd Baker
"Pumping Iron" (25th Anniversary
Special Edition) DVD ~ George Butler
Arnold Schwarzenegger at the
Internet Movie Database
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