The following biography
has been copied from
WIKIPEDIA.ORG “The Free
Calvin Cordozar Broadus
(born October 20, 1972 in Long Beach, California) is an African-American
hip hop musician and actor. His mother nicknamed him "Snoopy" as a
child, and he took the stage name Snoop Doggy Dogg when he began
recording. He changed his name to Snoop Dogg in 1997, when he left
original record label Death Row Records and signed with No Limit
Records. He is the cousin of RBX and Daz Dillinger.
* * * *
Snoop Dogg was active in
music from a young age, singing in his church choir. Snoop Dogg was
frequently in trouble with drugs and the law as a young man. As a member
of the Crips, Snoop Dogg was in and out of jail for the three years
after he graduated from high school. Pushed by older inmates to make
something of himself, he began making homemade rap tapes with his
friends Nate Dogg, Warren G, who was a stepbrother of Dr. Dre of N.W.A..
In those early stages, Nate's cousin Lil' 1/2 Dead was also part of the
group, called 213 after the area code of Longbeach at the time. Dr. Dre
began collaborating with the young rapper, first on the theme song of
the film Deep Cover, and then on Dr. Dre's debut solo album The Chronic.
Snoop Dogg's contribution
to The Chronic was considerable: the rapper's rhymes were as present as
Dre's. The huge success of Snoop's debut Doggystyle is largely due to
this intense exposure.
While recording his own
debut album Doggystyle with Dre in August of 1993, Snoop Dogg was
arrested in the shooting death of Phillip Woldermarian, a member of a
rival gang who was later revealed to have had a secret obsession with
Snoop. He was eventually acquitted on both self defense grounds and
because he allegedly drove the car while his bodyguard McKinley Lee
fired the fatal shots (Lee was also acquitted on self defense grounds).
Snoop remained entangled in the legal battles around the case for three
The Doggystyle album was
released in November of 1993 on Death Row Records, and became the first
debut album ever to enter the charts at number one, helping to fuel the
ascendance of West Coast "G Funk" rap. The singles "What's My Name" and
"Gin and Juice" went to the top ten, and the album remained in the
charts for several months, even as controversy raged over the murder
trial and his allegedly violent and sexist lyrics. Gangsta rap became
the center of arguments for censorship and labeling, with Snoop often
used as an example of violent and misogynistic musicians.
A short film about the
trial called Murder Was The Case, and an accompanying soundtrack, were
released in 1994. It is said, to Snoop's distress, that a lot of the
hype surrounding his debut was generated by his well-publicized trial.
Others argue that the Death Row crew knew that any publicity is good
publicity, as this film was directed by Dr. Dre himself.
However, by the time
Snoop's second album Tha Doggfather was released in November of 1996,
both the furor and the popularity of gangsta rap had begun to fade,
dragged down by the death of Snoop's friend Tupac Shakur and the
racketeering indictment of Death Row co-founder Suge Knight. Dr. Dre had
left Death Row earlier that year, and so Snoop co-produced the album
himself with Dat Nigga Daz and DJ Pooh. Missing just Dr. Dre's signature
G-Funk sound might not have been such a great blow to this album's
reception, if it had not been for earlier mentioned circumstances, thus
the album 'only' sold around 2 million copies.
He has since drawn back a
bit from hardcore gangsta rap, performing with the hard rock
Lollapalooza tour in 1997, and making several film appearances, in
addition to producing and directing music videos for himself and other
artists. He released an autobiography in 2001. During this period he
released two albums on the No Limit Label. His last album on No Limit
was 2000's Tha Last Meal. It featured a more laid-back style with a
heavier emphasis on his 'pimp' lifestyle as opposed to his gangbanging
lyrics on previous albums.
In 2002, he announced that
he was giving up drinking and drugs. Later that year he released the
album Paid tha Cost to Be da Bo$$, which featured the hit singles and
videos "From Da Chuuuch to Da Palace" and "Beautiful," featuring guest
vocals by the Neptunes' Pharrell Williams.
Snoop Dogg has made no
secret of his love for some classic music, most notably Frank Sinatra.
Snoop Dogg named his cat "Frankie" in the late singer's honor, and
visited Mr. Sinatra in the hospital prior to that singer's death. He
referred to Sinatra as "the original gangster".
Snoop Dogg has worked with
Silkk the Shocker, C-Murder, B-Legit, Babyface, Bad Azz, Bizzy
Bone,Young Bellz, Mariah Carey, Bootsy Collins, The D.O.C., Daz
Dillinger, Dr. Dre, Nate Dogg, and The Neptunes, among others. Snoop
Dogg's sound has been heavily influenced by funk, and R&B. Snoop Dogg's
music features samples from earlier black artists and groups, including
James Brown, Marvin Gaye, and Parliament - Funkadelic.
On 11 April 2003, Snoop was
unhurt after a drive-by shooting on Fairfax Avenue in Los Angeles,
California. He was riding in a motorcade of five vehicles with seven
armed bodyguards when three men in another car fired multiple rounds
from a semi-automatic handgun. One bodyguard was injured in the
On 21 May 2004, Snoop Dogg
filed for divorce from his wife Shante Broadus, citing irreconcilable
differences and seeking joint custody of their three children, Corde,
Cordell, and Cori. They have since reconciled.
Later on in the year, he
recollaborated with his old friends Nate Dogg and Warren G, as part of
the rap group 213 (who had previously released an album about a decade
before), and they released a new album called The Hard Way, which
featured the single "Groupie Luv", and reached #4 in the US Billboard
200 album charts.
Snoop Dogg is famous for
using slang invented by Frankie Smith of "The Double Dutch Bus" fame and
popularized by fellow rapper E-40, much of which is simply derived by
adding an "izz" or "izzle" sound to the word. Some examples:
Fo' Shizzle = for sure,
the real thing
Nizzle = nigga, perhaps
an attempt at making it more palatable by altering it
Mr. Dizzle = Himself
(He would on his MTV show)
Death Rizzow = Death
Row ("Gz And Hustlas" off "Doggystyle")
Nate Dizzle = Nate Dogg
("Ditty Dum Ditty Doo" off Nate Dogg's "Music And Me")
A large number of Snoop
Dogg's songs mention "the LBC." This is a reference to the city of
Long Beach, California, or to the Long Beach Crips. He and a group
of associates from Long Beach's East Side formed the group Tha
Eastsidaz, releasing both an album and a direct-to-video film under
the name in 2000.
In 2004 Snoop signed to the
Star Trak record label, headed by the Neptunes, who produced all of the
tracks for his 2004 release R&G (Rythm & Gangsta) The Masterpiece. "Drop
It Like It's Hot" (featuring Pharrell), the first single released from
the album, was a hit and became his first single to reach number one.
His third release was "Signs", featuring Justin Timberlake & Charlie
Wilson, which did not do as well; however it showed that Snoop Dogg is
such a respected rapper that he can do a song with a pop singer and not
have it dent his career (also partly due to The Neptunes production).
As with quite a few
rappers, the majority of his songs made it further up the UK Singles
Chart than they did other charts.
During the 2004 Christmas
season, he was featured in a series of television commercials for
T-Mobile, promoting the T-Mobile Sidekick, the company's version of the
Danger Hiptop mobile phone and Internet device.
In early February 2005,
Snoop Dogg offered to pay for the funeral of Devin Brown, as well as any
rallies against the LAPD.
Snoop Dogg also has done a
remix of the song "Riders on The Storm" by "The Doors" in the Need For
Speed Underground 2 Soundtrack.
[Added by PSP: A suit by a hair dresser
that claimed that Snoop and his posse drugged and sexually assaulted her
was dropped. In Nov. 2006 he was charged with weapons possession while
going onto an airplane in Septemeber. He could face 3 years in jail.]
* * * *
above biography has been copied in part or in whole
from an article on
"The Free Encyclopedia." It has been modified under
the GNU Free Document License Section 5 in the
following manner: (1) All links within the article
have been removed, including text links such as
"[#]"; (2) The "[Edit]" text and link have been
removed [if you would like to update the article,
you may do so from the original page]; (3) the table
of Contents links and text have been removed; and
(4) all of the sections of the original article have
not been copied. All of the above text is available
under the terms of the
GNU Free Document License.
URL of Original Article:
Date Article Copied:
July 8, 2005
will try to replace this article with an original
biography in the near future, but we hope this will
be of help to our visitors in the mean time.