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 The Lord Of The Rings - Trilogy
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Common misspelling: Peter Jakson


Given Name

Date of Birth

Birth Place

Peter Jackson

October 31, 1961

Wellington, New Zealand

Table of Contents

Biography News Websites Discography Filmography Books Posters Other Items


The following biography is from Wikipedia.org “The Free Encyclopedia.”

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Peter Jackson picture

Peter Jackson CNZM (born October 31, 1961, Wellington, New Zealand) is a New Zealand-born filmmaker best known as the director of The Lord of the Rings [1] trilogy, which he, along with his long time partner, Fran Walsh, and Philippa Boyens adapted from the novels by J.R.R. Tolkien. [2]. He is also known for his remake of King Kong.[3]


With his successes and innovative film-making, Jackson is now considered to be an important force in the new generation of motion picture directors. Peter Jackson has even been described as the new Steven Spielberg of the present generation, and the combination of his unmatched commercial successes, along with the critical acclaim he has garnered, have made Jackson one of the most powerful film directors of the present era.[4]


Jackson first gained attention with his "splatstick" horror comedies, and came to prominence with his critically acclaimed Heavenly Creatures, for which he shared an Academy Award nomination for Best Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen with Walsh.




Born: October 31, 1961

Pukerua Bay, New Zealand

Occupation: Film director, film producer and screenwriter.

Spouse: Fran Walsh





Jackson divides his life into three sections: before, during and after The Lord of the Rings. [1]



Before The Lord of the Rings

Jackson was born an only child to Bill and Joan Jackson, both of whom were immigrants from England. As a child, Jackson was a film fan, growing up on Ray Harryhausen films as well as Thunderbirds and using his parent's Super 8 cine-camera. Citing King Kong as his favourite film at age 9, he attempted to remake it with his own stop-motion models. [2]


Jackson started his career in film as a fanatical hobbyist, creating small films with simple technical means and with the help of his friends. When one of his projects, the horror comedy Bad Taste, grew over four years (from 1983 to 1987) from the originally planned half-hour to a 90-minute feature film, Jackson and his crew took the end result to the Cannes Film Festival, received critical acclaim and sold the rights to twelve countries. This allowed him to start a professional career as a film director. During post-production on Bad Taste, Jackson also met Fran Walsh.


Jackson worked with Richard Taylor to produce two films to complete a gory trilogy: Meet the Feebles and Braindead. Afterwards he worked with Fran Walsh on Heavenly Creatures, earning both of them an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Screenplay.


Jackson then directed the Robert Zemeckis production, The Frighteners, starring Michael J. Fox. Jackson also worked with Costa Botes on the spoof documentary Forgotten Silver. However, The Frighteners flopped and work on a remake of King Kong was canned by Universal Studios. In the meantime, Jackson and Walsh welcomed their children, Billy (1995) and Katie (1996) into the world.



The Lord of the Rings


Jackson earned the rights to a film adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien's novel in 1997 from Saul Zaentz. Working with Miramax for a two-film production, they soon wished to make a single film, and Jackson made a new deal with New Line for a trilogy in 1998.


Principal photography went on from October 11, 2000 to December 22, 2001 with Jackson monitoring as many as seven units across New Zealand locations and sets. With the benefit of post-production on each film for their December releases, the films were huge successes and sent Jackson's popularity soaring.



After The Lord of the Rings

Universal Studios signed Peter Jackson for his first film following The Lord of the Rings trilogy, a remake of the 1933 classic King Kong — the film that inspired him to become a film director when he was 9 years old[3]. He was reportedly being paid a fee of US$20 million upfront, against a 20 percent take of the total box-office gross. The film was released on December 14, 2005, and grossed around US$550 Million worldwide. [5] Its release on home video and DVD was even bigger, as it set records for a Universal Pictures DVD in sales.


Between The Return of the King and King Kong, Peter Jackson lost a large amount of weight (over 50 lbs/22.5 kg) to the point of being unrecognizable to some fans. According to the British Daily Telegraph he attributes his weight loss to a diet change. He said, "I just got tired of being overweight and unfit, so I changed my diet from hamburgers to yogurt and muesli and it seems to work."[4]


His attention will now move to the film version of Alice Sebold's bestseller, The Lovely Bones, which he will be writing and directing and which he has said will be a welcome relief from the larger-scale epics and bears some similarities to Heavenly Creatures.


Much speculation has occurred as to whether Jackson might direct a film of The Hobbit, the prequel to The Lord of the Rings. His comments to date seem to indicate that he is interested, if the studios can work out the rights. Late in 2004 it appeared unlikely, as MGM (the studio which holds the rights to The Hobbit) was sold to Sony in the race with Warner Bros. In December of 2004, Jackson said that production on The Hobbit could be as much as four years away[5], which would place a likely release date in 2010. In September 2006, MGM indicated that they intended to approach Peter Jackson to direct the film in the next few years. [6]


Peter Jackson is also executive producing the game-to-film adaptation of Microsoft/Bungie's blockbuster title Halo[7], expected to hit theaters around mid-2008. Jackson, an avid fan of the game, has confessed to playing it regularly during breaks in filming.


Peter Jackson will produce a remake of The Dam Busters in 2007, along with Sir David Frost as Executive Producer. [8] Jackson has also earned the rights to a film adaptation of the fantasy novel series Temeraire, though it remains to be seen if he directs it. [9][10]




Jackson is well known for an attention to detail, a macabre sense of humour and a general playfulness, to which The Lord of the Rings miniatures director Alex Funke described as "almost as if the film is incidental" [11].


Unlike some other New Zealand film directors, Jackson has remained in his native country to make films, preferring to have Hollywood come to him. This has been the genesis of several production and support companies. Most of Jackson's assets are on the Miramar Peninsula in his home town of Wellington and much of his filming occurs in and around the city. He successfully cajoled New Line Cinema into holding the world premiere of The Return of the King in the city's iconic Embassy Theatre, which he has helped restore.


He was an early user of computer enhancement technology and provided digital special effects to a number of Hollywood films by use of telecommunications and satellite links to transmit raw images and the final results across the Pacific Ocean.


A perfectionist with his film projects, Jackson demands numerous takes of every scene (with his "One more for luck") [12], pushes his special-effects crew to make their work seamless and invisible, and insists upon authenticity in miniatures even on the sides that never appear in a film. On the other hand, many of his most beautiful scenes result from purely serendipitous shots taken while flying from one location to another.




Jackson won three Academy Awards for The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King:


Academy Award for Directing

Academy Award for Best Picture

Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay

Preceded by:

Roman Polanski

for The Pianist Academy Award for Best Director


for The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Succeeded by:

Clint Eastwood

for Million Dollar Baby


Jackson's cameo roles

Jackson usually makes cameo appearances in his own films:


In The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, he played a drunken, carrot-toting citizen of Bree (The Fellowship of the Ring); a spear-throwing defender of Helm's Deep (The Two Towers); and as a rider during the charge on the Pelennor Fields in (The Return of the King). He has a second cameo as the captain of a corsair ship in The Return of the King, seen in brief in the theatrical version, and longer in the extended version when Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli commandeer the ship after recruiting the army of the dead. Though not a cameo in the traditional sense, he also served as a stand-in for Sean Astin in the shot where Samwise Gamgee steps into frame, challenging the monster Shelob, thereby giving him three different appearances in that film. He was also the voice of Bilbo near the beginning of The Fellowship of The Ring when Gandalf first knocks at Bilbo's door. Along with being writer, director, producer, and cameo actor in The Two Towers, he also has a moment on the soundtrack where he plays a gong (When Eowyn seems to disappear from the edge of Edoras as Aragorn looks up a second time, Peter's gong hit is heard).

Jackson appeared as a bi-plane gunner attacking Kong in New York, reprising the cameo which original King Kong filmmaker Merian C. Cooper made in his 1933 film.

In The Frighteners, Jackson is a biker bumped into by Frank Bannister.

In Heavenly Creatures, he is a bum kissed by Juliet Hulme.

In Braindead, he is the mortician's assistant.

Meet the Feebles is Jackson's only film in which he has no cameo.



Jackson's eldest son Billy (born 1995), has had cameo appearances in every one of his parents' films since his birth, namely The Frighteners (1996), The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, and King Kong. His daughter Katie (born 1996) appeared in all the above films, except The Frighteners.

Rumors of a feud between Jackson and George Lucas are untrue. In fact, quite the opposite as they are friends. However, they do own rival special effects companies that compete mightily against one another, with Jackson owning Weta Digital and Lucas owning Industrial Light and Magic. Jackson credits Lucas's Industrial Light and Magic in teaching him the ways of special effects in film.

He owns a King Kong and Pterosaur model used in the original 1933 King Kong film

In King Kong when we first see the hold of the ship, a cage with "Sumatran Rat-Monkey - Beware the bite!" written on the side is visible - a homage to Jackson's third film Braindead, in which the monkey carries the zombie virus.

The $20 million paid to him for King Kong is reportedly the highest salary ever paid to a film director in advance of production.

He has given NZ $500 000 to Stem Cell research. [13] Jackson also gave the University of California in Irvine $311,000 for Stem Cell research. [6]



Bad Taste (1987)

Meet the Feebles (1989)

Valley of the Stereos (1992) (short film) - producer

Braindead (a.k.a. Dead Alive) (1992)

Heavenly Creatures (1994)

Forgotten Silver (1995) - mockumentary

The Frighteners (1996)

The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001)

The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002)

The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003)

King Kong (2005)

The Lovely Bones (2007) (Announced)

Halo (2008) - Executive Producer (Announced)

Dambusters (2008)- Producer (Announced)




Footnotes and References

1 The Lord of the Rings: A Celebration booklet by Empire magazine, Page 7 Jackson interview

2 http://www.darkhorizons.com/news05/kong.php

3 "Peter Jackson's Labor of Love" by Stone Phillips, MSNBC, December 2, 2005

4 "Peter Jackson's muesli diet secret", kongisking.net, 12 April 2005

5 "Hobbit picture 'four years away'", BBC, 13 March 2005

6 "Hollywood wants Jackson for Hobbit film", Dominion Post, 12 September 2006

7 "Halo movie recruits Peter Jackson", BBC, 5 October 2005.

8 "Peter Jackson to film Dam Busters", BBC, 2006-08-31.

9 (interview with Peter Jackson). Ain't It Cool News.

10 "Temeraire on Warpath", filmforce, IGN.com, 2006-09-12.

11 "Big-atures" ROTK SEE DVD Documentary

12 Cameras in Middle-earth: The Fellowship of the Ring SEE DVD Documentary, where Christopher Lee describes 12 takes for one scene, before being told by Ian McKellen he did 24 takes for two lines the previous day.

13 http://www.nzherald.co.nz/section/6/story.cfm?c_id=6&objectid=10391442





The above biography has been copied in part or in whole from an article on Wikipedia.org "The Free Encyclopedia."  It has been modified under the GNU Free Document License Section 5 in the following manner: (1) All links within the article have been removed, including text links such as "[#]"; (2) The "[Edit]" text and link have been removed [if you would like to update the article, you may do so from the original page]; (3) the table of Contents links and text have been removed; and (4) all of the sections of the original article have not been copied. All of the above text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Document License.

URL of Original Article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Jackson

Date Article Copied: September 2006

We will try to replace this article with an original biography in the near future, but we hope this will be of help to our visitors in the mean time.

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